Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) in Indiana

CSP payments by fiscal year in Indiana

CSP payments by county, 2017-2020

Practices and enhancements on CSP acres, 2017-2020, Indiana

1Cropland Annual Payment$33,030,234
2Non-Industrial Private Forest Land Annual Payment$840,437
3Forest Stand Improvement to rehabilitate degraded hardwood stands$550,110
4Reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by utilizing precision pesticide application techniques$393,265
5Reduce risks of nutrient losses to surface water by utilizing precision ag technologies$369,862
6Pasture Annual Payment$359,465
7Reduce ozone precursor emissions related to pesticides by utilizing IPM PAMS techniques$272,785
8Associated Ag Land$245,464
9Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risks to air quality - emissions of GHGs$195,105
10Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to surface water$146,888
11Supplemental Payment$134,122
12Intensive cover cropping to increase soil health and soil organic matter content$126,910
13Establish Monarch butterfly habitat$117,668
14Cover crop to minimize soil compaction$104,114
16Cover crop to suppress excessive weed pressures and break pest cycles$92,829
17Minimum Payment Adjustment$84,932
18Enhance development of the forest understory to create conditions resistant to pests$61,339
19Tree/shrub planting for wildlife cover$57,730
20Cover crop to reduce water quality degradation by utilizing excess soil nutrients-surface water$57,603
21Cover crop to reduce water erosion$56,185
22Use of multi-species cover crops to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter$54,540
23Tree/shrub planting for wildlife food$52,721
24Use of SHA to assist with development of cover crop mix to improve soil health and increase SOM$43,010
25No till system to increase soil health and soil organic matter content$42,028
26Reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by utilizing IPM PAMS techniques$37,099
27Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to groundwater$34,074
28Brush management for improved structure and composition$31,923
29Advanced IWM--Soil moisture is monitored- recorded- and used in decision making$23,908
30Creating structural diversity with patch openings$23,448
31Crop tree management for mast production$23,056
32Snags- den trees- and coarse woody debris for wildlife habitat$20,442
33Supplemental Payment Improved$18,388
34Soil health crop rotation$16,619
35Enhanced field borders to reduce water induced erosion along the edge(s) of a field$14,617
36Brush Management$13,631
37Adding food-producing trees and shrubs to existing plantings$13,611
38Reduce forest stand density to improve wildlife food sources$13,388
39Fishpond management for native aquatic and terrestrial species$12,370
40Apply gypsum products to improve surface WQ quality by reducing dissolved P conc in surface runoff$11,809
41Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife food sources$11,445
42Reduced tillage to increase soil health and soil organic matter content$10,743
43Summer roosting habitat for native forest-dwelling bat species$10,587
44Conservation cover to provide food habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects$10,162
45Enhanced field border to provide wildlife cover or shelter along the edge(s) of a field$8,792
46Stream crossing elimination$7,314
47Create patch openings to enhance wildlife food sources and availability$7,214
48Herbaceous weed control (inadequate structure and comp) for desired plant communities/habitats$6,771
49Cover Crop $6,584
50Controlled traffic farming to reduce compaction$6,502
51Reduced tillage to reduce tillage induced particulate matter$6,316
52Reduce forest stand density to improve a degraded plant community$6,046
53Herbaceous weed control (plant pest pressures) for desired plant communities/habitats$5,451
54Pastured Cropland Annual Payment$4,652
55Forest Stand Improvement$4,500
56Extend existing filter strip to reduce excess nutrients in surface water$4,396
57Native grasses or legumes in forage base$4,390
58Native grasses or legumes in forage base to improve plant productivity and health$4,087
59Resource conserving crop rotation to improve soil compaction$4,059
60Conservation cover to provide cover and shelter habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects$3,782
61No till to reduce water erosion$3,678
62Cover crop to reduce water quality degradation by utilizing excess soil nutrients-ground water$3,497
63Conservation cover to provide habitat continuity for pollinators and beneficial insects$3,410
64Enhance development of the forest understory to provide wildlife cover and shelter$3,382
65Establishing tree/shrub species to restore native plant communities$3,130
66Create patch openings to enhance wildlife cover and shelter$3,085
67Enhanced field borders to increase carbon storage along the edge(s) of the field$2,827
68Reduced tillage to reduce water erosion$2,694
69Maintaining and improving forest soil quality by limiting compaction$2,661
70Pasture and Hay Planting $2,363
71Stewardship Payment$2,339
72Residue and Tillage Management- No Till $2,230
73Resource conserving crop rotation for soil organic matter improvement$1,566
74Conservation Cover $1,450
75Resource conserving crop rotation to reduce water erosion$1,409
76Tree/Shrub Establishment $1,380
77Reduction of attractants to human-subsidized predators in sensitive wildlife species habitat$1,337
78Amending Soil Properties with Gypsum Products$1,288
79Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife cover and shelter$1,267
80Enhancement - Nutrient Management$1,067
81Enhanced field border to provide wildlife habitat continuity along the edge(s) of a field$957
82Early Successional Habitat Development-Mgt$879
83Forage and biomass planting for water erosion to improve soil health$839
84Reduce forest density and manage understory along roads to improve wildlife food sources$838
85Enhancement - Pest Management$830
86Enhancement - Soil Management$828
87Herbaceous Weed Treatment$772
88Short-interval burn$600
89Existing Practice Payment$586
90Field Border $521
91Roof Runoff Structure$444
92Manage livestock access to streams/ditches/other waterbodies to reduce pathogens in surface water$444
93Irrigation Water Management $357
94Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture for soil organic matter improvement$350
95Forest Trails and Landings$235
96Prescribed Grazing $188
97On-Farm Secondary Containment Facility$182
98Herbaceous weed control for desired plant communities/habitats consistent with the ecological site$179
99Renovate small- shallow pothole and playa sites which may seasonally hold water$176
100Establish pollinator and/or beneficial insect habitat continuity (space)$171
101Filter Strip $90
102Upland Wildlife Habitat Management $89
103Critical Area Planting$72
104Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation $66
105Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture to reduce water erosion$54
106Pest Management Conservation System$51
107Enhancement - Energy Management$50
108Establish pollinator and/or beneficial insect food habitat$35
109Conservation crop rotation on recently converted CRP grass/legume cover for water erosion$24
110Watering Facility$20
111Grazing management that protects sensitive areas from gully erosion$11
112Brush management that maintains or enhances wildlife or fish habitat$9
113Access Control$8
114Grazing management for improving quantity and quality of cover and shelter for wildlife$0
115Mulching to improve soil health$0
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 Total Payments, 2017-202038,091,294
NRCS climate smart practice: The list of NRCS climate smart CSP enhancements were not funded until 2020, so their total spending between 2017 and 2020 is small. However, CSP practices that have EQIP codes, like code 340 for cover crops, were funded before 2020. Payments for NRCS climate smart CSP enhancements are likely to be larger after 2020.

NCRS climate smart practices on CSP acres, 2017-2020, Indiana

1Cover Crop $6,584
2Pasture and Hay Planting $2,363
3Residue and Tillage Management- No Till $2,230
4Conservation Cover $1,450
5Tree/Shrub Establishment $1,380
6Field Border $521
7Irrigation Water Management $357
8Prescribed Grazing $188
9Filter Strip $90
10Upland Wildlife Habitat Management $89
11Windbreak/Shelterbelt Renovation $66
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 Total Climate Smart CSP payments, 2017-2020$15,316
NRCS climate smart practice.

CSP payments by county, 2017-2021

RankStateCSP Payments, 2017-2020
1Starke County, Indiana$9,062,782
2Montgomery County, Indiana$5,320,947
3Warren County, Indiana$5,313,840
4Pulaski County, Indiana$5,003,174
5Jasper County, Indiana$4,642,270
6Wabash County, Indiana$3,798,162
7Kosciusko County, Indiana$3,744,170
8Putnam County, Indiana$3,501,946
9Benton County, Indiana$3,473,228
10Knox County, Indiana$3,462,824
11Miami County, Indiana$3,459,684
12De Kalb County, Indiana$3,416,453
13Cass County, Indiana$3,402,027
14Pike County, Indiana$3,042,046
15Huntington County, Indiana$2,969,243
16Lawrence County, Indiana$2,863,171
17Fountain County, Indiana$2,852,193
18Jay County, Indiana$2,834,020
19Allen County, Indiana$2,573,733
20Jackson County, Indiana$2,430,806
21Noble County, Indiana$2,427,633
22Wayne County, Indiana$2,411,991
23Parke County, Indiana$2,406,365
24Newton County, Indiana$2,401,088
25White County, Indiana$2,379,748
26Fulton County, Indiana$2,374,339
27Decatur County, Indiana$2,149,466
28Orange County, Indiana$2,139,699
29Ripley County, Indiana$2,126,134
30Steuben County, Indiana$2,053,730
31Tippecanoe County, Indiana$2,051,234
32Bartholomew County, Indiana$1,962,128
33La Porte County, Indiana$1,930,038
34Washington County, Indiana$1,923,957
35Carroll County, Indiana$1,781,920
36Marshall County, Indiana$1,753,655
37Sullivan County, Indiana$1,591,542
38Vermillion County, Indiana$1,538,334
39Owen County, Indiana$1,484,438
40Daviess County, Indiana$1,386,116
41Whitley County, Indiana$1,384,713
42Greene County, Indiana$1,324,456
43Adams County, Indiana$1,288,955
44Grant County, Indiana$1,287,772
45Delaware County, Indiana$1,215,684
46Vigo County, Indiana$1,209,320
47Howard County, Indiana$1,199,552
48Dubois County, Indiana$1,198,819
49Randolph County, Indiana$1,195,104
50Madison County, Indiana$1,161,416
51Blackford County, Indiana$1,155,713
52Jennings County, Indiana$1,149,609
53Clinton County, Indiana$1,126,366
54Wells County, Indiana$1,118,759
55Warrick County, Indiana$1,087,882
56Spencer County, Indiana$1,052,013
57Fayette County, Indiana$945,376
58Franklin County, Indiana$931,628
59Morgan County, Indiana$883,011
60Tipton County, Indiana$874,454
61Gibson County, Indiana$851,131
62Saint Joseph County, Indiana$847,456
63Porter County, Indiana$841,169
64Boone County, Indiana$837,768
65Harrison County, Indiana$816,755
66Lake County, Indiana$810,452
67Clay County, Indiana$803,354
68Scott County, Indiana$788,698
69Henry County, Indiana$773,467
70Posey County, Indiana$756,022
71Perry County, Indiana$696,766
72Martin County, Indiana$679,393
73Hendricks County, Indiana$674,703
74Hamilton County, Indiana$650,369
75Rush County, Indiana$584,084
76Johnson County, Indiana$557,520
77Crawford County, Indiana$556,734
78Monroe County, Indiana$516,651
79Vanderburgh County, Indiana$513,786
80Union County, Indiana$446,845
81Lagrange County, Indiana$417,108
82Switzerland County, Indiana$391,178
83Elkhart County, Indiana$352,274
84Jefferson County, Indiana$347,894
85Shelby County, Indiana$281,448
86Clark County, Indiana$178,182
87Hancock County, Indiana$131,491
88Brown County, Indiana$102,688
89Floyd County, Indiana$72,483
90Dearborn County, Indiana$58,634
91Marion County, Indiana$15,887
92Ohio County, Indiana$4,688
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USDA Census of Agriculture Data for Indiana, 2017

Land in Indiana, 2017

Land typeAcres
Number of Farms:56,649
Total Acres in Farms:14,969,996
Cropland Acres:12,909,673
Permanent pasture and rangeland:508,735
Woodland Acres:1,034,784

Livestock in Indiana, 2017

LivestockNumber of Animals
Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold44,862,510
Layers inventory 26,354,377
Hogs and pigs inventory4,004,388
Cattle and calves inventory844,187
Sheep and lambs inventory62,085

Crops in Indiana, 2017


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