Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) in Virginia

CSP payments by fiscal year in Virginia

CSP payments by county, 2017-2020

Practices and enhancements on CSP acres, 2017-2020, Virginia

1Cropland Annual Payment$17,335,535
2Pasture Annual Payment$3,667,422
3Non-Industrial Private Forest Land Annual Payment$2,780,969
4Associated Ag Land$299,322
6Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to surface water$251,680
7Existing Activity Payment-Resource Concern$241,200
8Maintaining and improving forest soil quality by limiting compaction$227,089
9Reduced tillage to reduce water erosion$164,273
10Existing Activity Payment-Land Use$158,232
11Snags- den trees- and coarse woody debris for wildlife habitat$143,087
12Reduce forest stand density to improve a degraded plant community$134,306
13Planting for high carbon sequestration rate$118,781
14Maintaining and improving forest soil quality$117,307
15Reduce forest stand density to improve wildlife food sources$110,062
16Intensive cover cropping to increase soil health and soil organic matter content$92,595
17Minimum Payment Adjustment$79,325
18Cover crop to minimize soil compaction$62,073
19Stockpiling cool season forage to improve plant productivity and health$61,866
20Sequential patch burning$57,672
21Pasture and Hay Planting $54,215
22Pastured Cropland Annual Payment$53,927
23Supplemental Payment$53,916
24Prescribed grazing that maintains/improves riparian/watershed function-min sediment in surface water$48,761
25Prescribed grazing that maintains/improves riparian/watershed function-pathogens/chemicals$45,734
26Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risks to air quality - emissions of GHGs$43,462
27No till to reduce water erosion$43,303
28Cover crop to reduce water quality degradation by utilizing excess soil nutrients-surface water$42,991
29Cover crop to suppress excessive weed pressures and break pest cycles$39,639
30Herbaceous weed control (plant pest pressures) for desired plant communities/habitats$34,178
31Tree/shrub planting for wildlife food$32,751
32Stream crossing elimination$32,401
33Establishing tree/shrub species to restore native plant communities$32,241
34Use of multi-species cover crops to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter$30,417
35Forest Stand Improvement to rehabilitate degraded hardwood stands$29,894
36Herbaceous weed control for desired plant communities/habitats consistent with the ecological site$29,248
37Reduce forest stand density to create open stand structure$28,498
38Manage livestock access to streams/ditches/other waterbodies to reduce nutrients in surface water$27,213
39Increase riparian forest buffer width for nutrient reduction$26,938
40Cover crop to reduce water quality degradation by utilizing excess soil nutrients-ground water$25,943
41No till system to increase soil health and soil organic matter content$25,718
42Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to groundwater$24,506
43Manage livestock access to waterbodies to reduce nutrients or pathogens to surface water$18,970
44Prescribed grazing that maintains/improves riparian/watershed function impairment from nutrients$15,914
45Resource conserving crop rotation to relieve plant pest pressure$14,738
46Conservation cover to provide cover and shelter habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects$14,340
47Forage and biomass planting for water erosion to improve soil health$13,367
48Increase stream shading for stream temperature reduction$12,366
49Herbaceous Weed Treatment$11,755
50Forage plantings that can help increase organic matter in depleted soils$11,753
51Improved grazing management for soil compaction through monitoring activities$9,610
52Crop tree management for mast production$9,373
53Stream corridor bank vegetation improvement$8,165
54Conservation cover to provide food habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects$8,153
55Reduced tillage to increase soil health and soil organic matter content$8,120
56Converting loblolly and slash pine plantations to longleaf pine with FSI and prescribed burning$7,563
57Prescribed Grazing $6,792
58Improved grazing mgmt for plant productivity/health through monitoring$5,928
59Resource conserving crop rotation for soil organic matter improvement$5,798
60Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife food sources$5,650
61Forest Stand Improvement$5,414
62Enhanced field borders to reduce water induced erosion along the edge(s) of a field$5,265
63Brush management for improved structure and composition$4,929
64Enhanced field border to provide wildlife food for pollinators along the edge(s) of a field$4,795
65Pasture Bundle#2$4,488
66Native grasses or legumes in forage base to improve plant community structure and composition$4,277
67Reduce risks of nutrient losses to ground water by utilizing precision agriculture technologies to p$3,831
68Tree/Shrub Site Preparation$3,680
69Native grasses or legumes in forage base$3,236
70Reduced tillage to increase soil health and soil organic matter content $3,178
71Increase diversity in pine plantation monocultures$3,164
72Buffer Bundle#1$2,970
73Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife$2,845
74Stream Crossing$2,700
75Native grasses or legumes in forage base to improve plant productivity and health$2,439
77Roof Runoff Structure$1,893
78Early Successional Habitat Development-Mgt$1,796
79Manage livestock access to streams/ditches/other waterbodies to reduce pathogens in surface water$1,790
80Residue and Tillage Management- Reduced Till $1,550
81Brush Management$1,465
82Prescribed grazing that improves or maintains riparian and watershed function-erosion$1,454
83Forage harvest management that helps maintain wildlife habitat continuity (space)$1,395
84Nutrient Management $1,316
85Upland Wildlife Habitat Management $1,261
86Harvest of crops (hay or small grains) using measures that allow desired species to flush or escape$1,204
87Conservation Crop Rotation $1,145
88No till to increase plant-available moisture: moisture management$973
89Cover Crop $947
90Forage and biomass planting that produces feedstock for biofuels or energy production$735
91Increase riparian herbaceous cover width to enhance wildlife habitat$708
92Conservation cover to provide habitat continuity for pollinators and beneficial insects$623
93Enhanced field borders to increase carbon storage along the edge(s) of the field$622
94Enhanced field border to provide wildlife habitat continuity along the edge(s) of a field$435
95Enhanced field border to provide wildlife cover or shelter along the edge(s) of a field$361
96Heavy Use Area Protection$360
97Herbaceous weed control (inadequate structure and comp) for desired plant communities/habitats$323
98Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture for soil organic matter improvement$321
99Underground Outlet$318
101Create patch openings to enhance wildlife cover and shelter$287
102Maintaining quantity and quality of forage for animal health and productivity$270
103Extend existing filter strip to reduce excess sediment in surface water$244
104Resource conserving crop rotation to reduce water erosion$234
105Critical Area Planting$219
106Grazing management for improving quantity/quality of plant structure/composition for wildlife$201
107Tree/Shrub Establishment $198
108Prescribed Burning$165
109Watering Facility$148
110Brush management that maintains or enhances wildlife or fish habitat$140
111Increase on-site carbon storage$136
112Mulching $101
113Grassed Waterway $90
114Herbaceous weed treatment to create plant communities consistent with the ecological site$76
115Access Control$42
116Livestock Pipeline$28
117Structures for Wildlife$24
118Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture to reduce water erosion$23
119Establish pollinator and/or beneficial insect food habitat$12
120Irrigation Water Management $9
121Grazing management that protects sensitive areas from gully erosion$3
122Reduced tillage to increase plant-available moisture: moisture management$0
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 Total Payments, 2017-202027,448,941
NRCS climate smart practice: The list of NRCS climate smart CSP enhancements were not funded until 2020, so their total spending between 2017 and 2020 is small. However, CSP practices that have EQIP codes, like code 340 for cover crops, were funded before 2020. Payments for NRCS climate smart CSP enhancements are likely to be larger after 2020.

NCRS climate smart practices on CSP acres, 2017-2020, Virginia

1Pasture and Hay Planting $54,215
2Prescribed Grazing $6,792
3Reduced tillage to increase soil health and soil organic matter content $3,178
4Residue and Tillage Management- Reduced Till $1,550
5Nutrient Management $1,316
6Upland Wildlife Habitat Management $1,261
7Conservation Crop Rotation $1,145
8Cover Crop $947
9Tree/Shrub Establishment $198
10Mulching $101
11Grassed Waterway $90
12Irrigation Water Management $9
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 Total Climate Smart CSP payments, 2017-2020$70,802
NRCS climate smart practice.

CSP payments by county, 2017-2021

RankStateCSP Payments, 2017-2020
1Augusta County, Virginia$766,616
2Halifax County, Virginia$700,839
3Southampton County, Virginia$666,702
4Greensville County, Virginia$556,485
5Rockingham County, Virginia$409,373
6Amelia County, Virginia$378,312
7Prince Edward County, Virginia$359,291
8Bedford County, Virginia$315,921
9Brunswick County, Virginia$305,586
10Dinwiddie County, Virginia$288,256
11Culpeper County, Virginia$250,594
12Pittsylvania County, Virginia$239,785
13Accomack County, Virginia$221,988
14Russell County, Virginia$213,500
15Fauquier County, Virginia$212,244
16King George County, Virginia$192,669
17Albemarle County, Virginia$177,316
18Highland County, Virginia$167,199
19Louisa County, Virginia$164,541
20Sussex County, Virginia$160,390
21Campbell County, Virginia$156,127
22Essex County, Virginia$149,766
23Washington County, Virginia$149,126
24Rappahannock County, Virginia$146,044
25Rockbridge County, Virginia$143,569
26Prince George County, Virginia$141,082
27Madison County, Virginia$133,180
28Shenandoah County, Virginia$119,022
29Carroll County, Virginia$118,544
30King and Queen County, Virginia$113,415
31Orange County, Virginia$113,026
32Mecklenburg County, Virginia$112,296
33Wythe County, Virginia$103,477
34Westmoreland County, Virginia$96,971
35Nottoway County, Virginia$95,225
36Smyth County, Virginia$94,245
37Bath County, Virginia$93,936
38Page County, Virginia$93,822
39Grayson County, Virginia$92,295
40Isle of Wight County, Virginia$88,993
41Cumberland County, Virginia$87,829
42Greene County, Virginia$87,601
43Tazewell County, Virginia$84,384
44Lunenburg County, Virginia$74,205
45Botetourt County, Virginia$73,914
46Goochland County, Virginia$70,902
47Buckingham County, Virginia$69,753
48Appomattox County, Virginia$61,523
49Nelson County, Virginia$59,342
50Spotsylvania County, Virginia$55,582
51Caroline County, Virginia$52,680
52Charlotte County, Virginia$46,534
53Richmond County, Virginia$45,440
54Patrick County, Virginia$42,837
55Amherst County, Virginia$41,792
56Fluvanna County, Virginia$39,403
57Frederick County, Virginia$39,211
58Northampton County, Virginia$38,121
59Hanover County, Virginia$37,930
60Lancaster County, Virginia$36,165
61Clarke County, Virginia$35,434
62Franklin County, Virginia$32,103
63King William County, Virginia$31,812
64Craig County, Virginia$28,751
65Scott County, Virginia$28,563
66Middlesex County, Virginia$23,351
67Northumberland County, Virginia$21,544
68Stafford County, Virginia$21,149
69Chesapeake City, Virginia$21,062
70Suffolk City, Virginia$20,774
71Bland County, Virginia$20,160
72Alleghany County, Virginia$17,109
73Lee County, Virginia$17,087
74Prince William County, Virginia$14,529
75Surry County, Virginia$14,378
76Loudoun County, Virginia$12,577
77New Kent County, Virginia$12,024
78Montgomery County, Virginia$10,798
79Charles City County, Virginia$10,503
80Warren County, Virginia$7,558
81Floyd County, Virginia$6,665
82Henry County, Virginia$6,002
83James City County, Virginia$5,965
84Pulaski County, Virginia$4,510
85Gloucester County, Virginia$3,872
86Chesterfield County, Virginia$3,033
87Mathews County, Virginia$2,963
88Roanoke County, Virginia$1,904
89Giles County, Virginia$938
90Virginia Beach City, Virginia$681
91Dickenson County, Virginia$417
92Wise County, Virginia$0
93Henrico County, Virginia$0
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USDA Census of Agriculture Data for Virginia, 2017

Land in Virginia, 2017

Land typeAcres
Number of Farms:43,225
Total Acres in Farms:7,797,979
Cropland Acres:3,084,067
Permanent pasture and rangeland:2,063,507
Woodland Acres:2,212,540

Livestock in Virginia, 2017

LivestockNumber of Animals
Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold261,649,137
Layers inventory 2,447,718
Cattle and calves inventory1,482,888
Hogs and pigs inventory249,231
Sheep and lambs inventory82,661

Crops in Virginia, 2017


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