Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) in Washington

CSP payments by fiscal year in Washington

CSP payments by county, 2017-2020

Practices and enhancements on CSP acres, 2017-2020, Washington

1Cropland Annual Payment$63,947,095
2Rangeland Annual Payment$5,421,438
3Reduce risks of nutrient losses to surface water by utilizing precision ag technologies$1,014,439
4Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to surface water$795,044
5Reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by utilizing precision pesticide application techniques$772,439
6Non-Industrial Private Forest Land Annual Payment$633,009
7Pasture Annual Payment$481,774
8Existing Activity Payment-Land Use$481,059
9Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risks to air quality - emissions of GHGs$400,903
10Reduce risk of pesticides in surface water by utilizing IPM PAMS techniques$276,697
11Associated Ag Land$243,685
13Improving nutrient uptake efficiency and reducing risk of nutrient losses to groundwater$158,573
14Pest Management Conservation System$152,015
15Reduce risks of nutrient losses to ground water by utilizing precision agriculture technologies to p$151,609
16Reduced tillage to increase soil health and soil organic matter content$145,774
17Reduce ozone precursor emissions related to pesticides by utilizing IPM PAMS techniques$113,740
18Supplemental Payment$89,772
19Existing Activity Payment-Resource Concern$62,400
20Advanced IWM--Weather is monitored- recorded and used in decision making$58,864
21Residue and Tillage Management- Reduced Till $52,269
22Enhancement - Pest Management$40,585
23Minimum Payment Adjustment$38,620
24Planting for high carbon sequestration rate$35,342
25Reduced tillage to reduce water erosion$35,177
26Modifications to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter$34,074
27Advanced Automated IWM - Year 2-5- Soil moisture is monitored- recorded and used in decision making$33,339
28Reduced tillage to reduce wind erosion$32,406
29Crop Bundle#1 - Precision Ag- No till$31,347
30Nutrient Management $27,364
31Snags- den trees- and coarse woody debris for wildlife habitat$27,348
32Cover Crop $25,207
33Advanced IWM--Soil moisture is monitored- recorded- and used in decision making$23,713
34Summer roosting habitat for native forest-dwelling bat species$18,217
35Maintaining and improving forest soil quality by limiting compaction$17,844
36Herbaceous Weed Treatment$15,877
37Herbaceous weed control (plant pest pressures) for desired plant communities/habitats$15,465
38Tree/shrub planting for wildlife food$14,574
39Stewardship Payment$14,448
40Enhancement - Soil Management$14,346
41Tree/shrub planting for wildlife cover$13,433
42Harvest of crops (hay or small grains) using measures that allow desired species to flush or escape$13,181
43No till to reduce water erosion$13,112
44No till to increase plant-available moisture: moisture management$12,932
45Reduced tillage to reduce tillage induced particulate matter$12,703
46Residue and Tillage Management- No Till $12,576
47Cover crop to suppress excessive weed pressures and break pest cycles$12,351
48Pastured Cropland Annual Payment$11,252
49Reduced tillage to increase plant-available moisture: moisture management$11,069
50Establish Monarch butterfly habitat$10,368
51Stream habitat improvement through placement of woody biomass$10,339
52Improved resource conserving crop rotation for soil organic matter improvement$9,632
53Resource conserving crop rotation to relieve plant pest pressure$9,604
54Irrigation Water Management $9,496
55Grazing-maintained fuel break to reduce the risk of fire$8,698
56Use of multi-species cover crops to improve soil health and increase soil organic matter$8,694
57Conservation cover to provide cover and shelter habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects$6,750
58Conservation Crop Rotation $6,398
59Enhanced field border to provide wildlife cover or shelter along the edge(s) of a field$6,226
60Manage livestock access to streams/ditches/other waterbodies to reduce nutrients in surface water$5,950
61Enhanced field borders to reduce wind induced erosion along the windward side(s) of a field$5,318
62Supplemental Payment Improved$5,024
63Pasture and Hay Planting $5,006
64On-Farm Secondary Containment Facility$4,702
65Cover crop to reduce water erosion$4,673
66Increase riparian forest buffer width to enhance wildlife habitat$4,655
67Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife food sources$4,612
68Reduce forest density and manage understory along roads to limit wildfire risk$4,318
69Conservation cover to provide food habitat for pollinators and beneficial insects$4,014
70Prescribed Grazing $3,953
71Existing Practice Payment$3,614
72Grazing management for improving quantity/quality of plant structure/composition for wildlife$3,505
73Improved grazing management for plant productivity/health through monitoring$3,196
74Reduce height of the forest understory to limit wildfire risk$3,033
75Increase on-site carbon storage$2,992
76Native grasses or legumes in forage base to improve plant community structure and composition$2,854
77Herbaceous weed control (inadequate structure and comp) for desired plant communities/habitats$2,744
78Conservation Cover $2,730
79Crop Bundle #18 - Precision Ag$2,580
80Enhanced field border to provide wildlife food for pollinators along the edge(s) of a field$2,027
81Stream Crossing$1,918
82Upland Wildlife Habitat Management $1,904
83Reduce forest stand density to improve a degraded plant community$1,861
84Deep Tillage$1,797
85Forage Harvest Management$1,794
86Enhanced field borders to increase carbon storage along the edge(s) of the field$1,759
87Dust Control on Unpaved Roads and Surfaces$1,659
88Controlled traffic farming to reduce compaction$1,655
89Native grasses or legumes in forage base to improve plant productivity and health$1,538
90Range planting for improving forage- browse- or cover for wildlife$1,385
91Enhanced field borders to decrease particulate emissions along the edge(s) of the field$1,346
92Maintaining and improving forest soil quality$1,322
93Forage plantings that can help increase organic matter in depleted soils$1,297
94Range planting for increasing/maintaining organic matter$1,278
95Soil health crop rotation$1,255
96Improved grazing management for water erosion through monitoring activities$1,238
97Create patch openings to enhance wildlife food sources and availability$1,149
98Grazing management for improving quantity and quality of cover and shelter for wildlife$1,135
99No till to reduce energy$1,118
100Prescribed grazing that improves or maintains riparian and watershed function-erosion$1,115
101Creating structural diversity with patch openings$1,111
102Cover crop to reduce water quality degradation by utilizing excess soil nutrients-surface water$1,091
103Forage and biomass planting that produces feedstock for biofuels or energy production$1,081
104Complete pumping plant evaluation for all pumps on a farm.$943
105Herbaceous weed control for desired plant communities/habitats consistent with the ecological site$886
106Tree/Shrub Establishment $831
107Enhancement - Nutrient Management$826
109Maintaining quantity and quality of forage for animal health and productivity$785
110Cultural plantings$775
111Brush Management$757
112Leave standing grain crops unharvested to benefit wildlife$687
113Incorporating wildlife friendly fencing for connectivity of wildlife food resources$685
114Apply gypsum to improve WQ- contaminants transported from manure/biosolid application-surface water$615
115Brush management for improved structure and composition$449
116Field Border $449
117Forage harvest management that helps maintain or improve wildlife habitat (cover and shelter)$414
118Modify field operations to reduce particulate matter$400
119Cover crop to reduce wind erosion$341
120Range Planting $259
121Tree/Shrub Pruning$218
122Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture for soil organic matter improvement$209
123Critical Area Planting$157
124Cropland conversion to grass-based agriculture to reduce water erosion$116
125Establish pollinator and/or beneficial insect food habitat$115
126Forest Stand Improvement$108
127Access Control$106
128Fuel Break$85
129Brush management that maintains or enhances wildlife or fish habitat$81
130Structures for Wildlife$69
131Early Successional Habitat Development-Mgt$29
132Adding food-producing trees and shrubs to existing plantings$29
133Forest Trails and Landings$10
134Filter Strip $7
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 Total Payments, 2017-202076,480,221
NRCS climate smart practice: The list of NRCS climate smart CSP enhancements were not funded until 2020, so their total spending between 2017 and 2020 is small. However, CSP practices that have EQIP codes, like code 340 for cover crops, were funded before 2020. Payments for NRCS climate smart CSP enhancements are likely to be larger after 2020.

NCRS climate smart practices on CSP acres, 2017-2020, Washington

1Residue and Tillage Management- Reduced Till $52,269
2Nutrient Management $27,364
3Cover Crop $25,207
4Residue and Tillage Management- No Till $12,576
5Irrigation Water Management $9,496
6Conservation Crop Rotation $6,398
7Pasture and Hay Planting $5,006
8Prescribed Grazing $3,953
9Conservation Cover $2,730
10Upland Wildlife Habitat Management $1,904
11Tree/Shrub Establishment $831
12Field Border $449
13Range Planting $259
14Filter Strip $7
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 Total Climate Smart CSP payments, 2017-2020$148,449
NRCS climate smart practice.

CSP payments by county, 2017-2021

RankStateCSP Payments, 2017-2020
1Whitman County, Washington$39,588,784
2Douglas County, Washington$37,512,486
3Walla Walla County, Washington$35,251,889
4Adams County, Washington$33,094,659
5Lincoln County, Washington$30,917,562
6Franklin County, Washington$21,723,138
7Grant County, Washington$15,846,324
8Benton County, Washington$13,805,780
9Columbia County, Washington$10,189,404
10Klickitat County, Washington$8,787,165
11Garfield County, Washington$8,632,228
12Yakima County, Washington$7,088,986
13Spokane County, Washington$6,461,485
14Whatcom County, Washington$5,961,441
15Asotin County, Washington$4,722,596
16Skagit County, Washington$1,201,327
17Lewis County, Washington$1,130,842
18Okanogan County, Washington$742,072
19Kittitas County, Washington$537,639
20Snohomish County, Washington$470,194
21Wahkiakum County, Washington$251,249
22Stevens County, Washington$174,437
23Pacific County, Washington$160,553
24Mason County, Washington$141,551
25Jefferson County, Washington$125,313
26Grays Harbor County, Washington$105,079
27Clallam County, Washington$91,661
28Clark County, Washington$85,096
29Chelan County, Washington$83,570
30Ferry County, Washington$79,911
31King County, Washington$65,363
32Thurston County, Washington$53,162
33Cowlitz County, Washington$15,062
34Kitsap County, Washington$10,489
35Island County, Washington$2,046
36Pierce County, Washington$351
37San Juan County, Washington$0
38Pend Oreille County, Washington$0
39Skamania County, Washington$0
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USDA Census of Agriculture Data for Washington, 2017

Land in Washington, 2017

Land typeAcres
Number of Farms:35,793
Total Acres in Farms:14,679,857
Cropland Acres:7,488,625
Permanent pasture and rangeland:4,628,666
Woodland Acres:2,044,726

Livestock in Washington, 2017

LivestockNumber of Animals
Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold27,101,183
Layers inventory 7,128,683
Cattle and calves inventory1,155,544
Sheep and lambs inventory52,329
Hogs and pigs inventory19,809

Crops in Washington, 2017


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